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 HR news

Concocting criminal proceedings

for “Islamic extremism”


Vitaliy Ponomarev

Elena Riabinina


The MEMORIAL HRC

The Civic “Assistance Committee”

Summary


Over the past eighteen months, a campaign has been pursued in Russia to concoct criminal proceedings for “Islamic extremism” against representatives of various Islamic sects, for which a special term, unconventional Islam, has even been invented.

The bulk of these criminal cases in central Russia, the Volga region and Siberia are based on the ruling by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation to designate 15 Islamic organizations as terrorist, which was adopted on 14 February 2003 with gross violations of procedure. Until this day, the ruling has not been published officially, nor communicated properly to those concerned.

Among the organizations banned under this ruling are non-violent ones, including the Islamic party Hizb ut-Tahrir. People who are in possession of publications which set out the ideology of this organization, or visit its website, may be charged with belonging to the said party, while actions such as discussing Hizb ut-Tahrir literature and distributing it among believers have been designated as grave and particularly grave crimes, namely recruitment for terrorist activities and creation of a criminal group. At present, one of the convicts, Azat Khasanov, has been allowed time to appeal against the above-mentioned Supreme Court ruling. A complaint on Khasanov’s behalf was submitted to the Supreme Court on 30 January 2006 by the lawyer Yuri Kastanov, who was invited by the Memorial human rights centre.


According to our information, by the end of 2005, a total of 46 people had already been convicted in Russia on charges of belonging to Hizb ut-Tahrir, some of them receiving long jail sentences. In some cases, ammunition and explosives were planted on suspects by law enforcement staff during detention.

Another widespread practice used to isolate those people who strictly observe Islamic rites and are for any reason deemed undesirable is to accuse them of adherence to “Wahhabism”.

Those Muslims who refuse to give false evidence against their fellow Muslims facing charges, or render humanitarian assistance to them and their families, are subjected to all kind of pressure, and in some cases criminal proceedings are concocted against them.

A serious problem in the context of concocted proceedings for “Islamic extremism” and “international terrorism” is connected with cooperation between Russian and Uzbek special services. The practice of illegal annulment of Russian citizenship granted earlier to immigrants from Uzbekistan, and arrests of ethnic Uzbeks in Russia because of extradition requests based on trumped-up charges brought by the Uzbek side is spreading. People residing in the Russian Federation have on occasions been kidnapped and illegally taken to Uzbekistan.


Campaign to concoct criminal proceedings

for “Islamic extremism”


Starting from the autumn of 2004, law enforcement agencies in many regions of Russia have embarked on a campaign of criminal prosecution of so-called “Islamic extremists”. In this campaign, people often come under suspicion purely because of their appearance: a scarf tied in a characteristic way for women, and an untrimmed beard for men. Religious and political debate in Islamic circles has begun to be seen by the state as “subversive activities”. In a number of cases, the Koran was seized from suspects in the course of searches as material evidence of the crimes they were said to have committed.

Isolated attempts by Russia’s Islamic leaders to stand up for “Muslim dissidents” have led to new campaigns aimed at discrediting the defenders. This is what happened to the Supreme Mufti of the Spiritual Board of the Asiatic part of Russia, sheikh Nafigulla Ashirov, who compiled a report on a number of brochures of an Islamic organization, Hizb ut-Tahrir, in which he expressed opinions diverging from the official line. He has already been questioned twice on the subject by the prosecution service.

An overwhelming majority of the criminal cases which we have studied in central Russia, the Volga region and Siberia are based on the ruling by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation to designate 15 Islamic organizations as terrorist, which was adopted on 14 February 2003. The ruling was adopted at a closed session of the court in the absence of representatives of the parties and movement it was banning. It gives virtually no reasons for including many of the organization on the list – in most cases, they are contained in a few lines in one short paragraph. In the opinion of a leading Moscow lawyer, Yuri Kostanov, who is currently appealing against the ruling on behalf of a client, it is untenable in legal terms.

Among the organizations listed in the ruling is the Islamic Revival Party (Hizb ut-Tahrir), which, according to our experts, is not implicated in terrorist activities.

The idea of restoring a shari’ah state, which is proclaimed by Hizb ut-Tahrir, is undoubtedly at odds with democratic values; however, we believe it cannot serve as justification for criminal prosecution of its supporters.

In recent years, this ideology has begun to spread among the Muslims of our country; this process takes the form of dissemination and joint study of the relevant religious literature, discussion of the political situation in various regions of the world from an Islamic viewpoint, etc. None of these people took part in acts of a terrorist nature, nor their preparation, nor helped perpetrate them in any way.

Nonetheless, since the summer and autumn of 2004, criminal proceedings on charges of belonging to a terrorist organization have been instituted on the basis of the abovementioned Supreme Court ruling against people suspected of belonging to Hizb ut-Tahrir in a number of regions of Russia.

The term “possession of banned literature” has appeared in those criminal proceedings, even though this notion does not exist in Russian law. And yet possession of publications in which the ideology of Hizb ut-Tahrir is set out often serves as grounds for accusing people of belonging to the said party, and for the courts to find defendants guilty under Article 282-2 of the Penal Code of the Russian Federation (participation in an extremist association and organizing its activities).

In a number of cases, discussion of allegedly “banned” literature and its dissemination among believers has been designated as commission of grave and even particularly grave crimes, namely recruitment for terrorist activities and creation of a criminal group (Articles 205-1 and 210 of the RF Penal Code respectively), for which the maximum sentences are 8 and 15 years in jail respectively.

To our knowledge, as of today, 46 people have already been convicted of belonging to Hizb ut-Tahrir, and 29 of them have received actual custodial sentences, some of them lengthy (up to 8 and a half years in high-security institutions).

A number of cases in this category are currently at the stage of preliminary investigation or being heard by courts in several regions of Russia (Moscow, Tatarstan, Samara Region and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area). The most recent case, which led to the arrest of the Uzbek citizen S. S. Sidikov, who kept literature and leaflets of a banned organization at his home, was opened in October 2005.

For the reasons explained above, the criminal cases discussed here can hardly be regarded as anything other than prosecution on ideological grounds.

Thus, Eduard Khusainov from Nizhnevartovsk was convicted because he had written an open letter to the chairman of the Supreme Court and the Office of the RF Prosecutor-General, in which he explained his disagreement with the ban on the party and asked to be provided with the text of the RF Supreme Court ruling to enable him to lodge an appeal against it, and then took this letter for review to the office of the representative of the president in the Urals Federal District, to a member of the town’s legislature and to the editorial office of the local television station. The prosecution service designated his actions as recruitment for terrorist activities and participation in a banned organization. At the first hearing of the case in court, all the witnesses testified that he had not been canvassing them but only trying to exonerate the ideology of Hizb ut-Tahrir in the eyes of the public. However, after the case was reviewed following an appeal from the prosecution, Khusainov was found guilty of “recruitment for terrorist activities”.

In no less that 40 per cent of cases involving Hizb ut-Tahrir, torture was used.

Persecution of Muslims who refuse to give false evidence against those facing charges in the cases in question, or render humanitarian assistance to their convicted fellow Muslims or their families forms a separate group. Law enforcement agencies in Tatarstan have been particularly active in this department.

The case involving an explosion at a local gas pipeline in Bugulma, in which unsubstantiated charges of terrorism were brought against F. A. Shaykhutdinov and two former Guantanamo inmates, T. R. Ishmuratov and R. Sh. Gumarov, was widely publicized. In September 2005 they were acquitted by the jury, but the prosecution appealed against the acquittal, maintaining that the defence lawyers’ presentations allegedly “restricted the prosecutor’s right to present evidence and influenced the content of the questions put the jurors and the answers to those questions”. In January 2006, the RF Supreme Court overturned the acquittal and sent the case for retrial.

Shortly after Ishmuratov’s arrest, we received his statement about torture which he and other suspects had been subjected to during the preliminary investigation with the aim of obtaining confessions, but in response to our enquiry to the Office of the Prosecutor-General we were told that “the facts were not corroborated”. We have received the same response to all our enquiries regarding inadmissible investigative methods without exception. In some cases, when the victims of torture are set free, as Ishmuratov, Gumarov and Shaykhutdinov were, they give a detailed account of all the brutality and abuse, including abuse of their religious feelings, which they suffered in custody. Ishmuratov and Shaykhutdinov have told us that law enforcement staff were to all intents and purposes openly telling them that the real reason for their arrest was the fact that they had been sending food parcels to the Muslims held at the pre-trial detention centre in Bugulma on “extremism” charges.

We also have statements by residents of Bashkortostan about incidents in which explosives and ammunition were planted on those who stood up for the defendants during a trial at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan and helped the defendants’ families. We have recorded verbal evidence, and obtained written evidence of threats received from law enforcement agencies by those people who signed letters of protest against the persecution of Muslims. This has happened in quite a few regions of the Russian Federation, above all in Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Udmurtia, and Samara Region.

A classic example of fabrication is the case of Mansur Shangareyev (Astrakhan Region), convicted and sentenced to three years in jail for “illegal possession” of drugs and a grenade, which were planted during a search. Before the verdict was read out, new charges were pressed against Shangareyev under Article 282 Part 2a (incitement of hatred or hostility on ethnic or religious grounds with a threat of violence). In this new case, he is alleged, among other things, to have “spoken about Islam’s superiority”, to have refused to perform the rites of remembrance, thus displaying “unconventional religious ideas”, to have invited Indians and immigrants from the Caucasus who “wore long untrimmed beards” to a mosque, thus attempting to “inculcate radical Islamic ideas” and so on.

In the city of Naberezhnyye Chelny, after the arrest of a serial killer, criminal proceedings were concocted with regard to a fictitious “Wahhabi” organization of which he was allegedly a member, and another 23 people were arrested in connection with these proceedings. They are alleged to have set up an illegal armed group, the aim of which was to carry out a series of terrorist acts at major industrial facilities in Tatarstan during the celebration of the 1000th anniversary of Kazan. We have statements from the accused and their families about widespread use of torture through which confessions were extracted to corroborate the fantastical allegations made by the investigators.

In October 2005, Marsel Isayev, whose refugee status was being determined at the time, was unlawfully deported from Kazan to Uzbekistan. The decision to deport him was taken after he refused to comply with the demand of special services that he should give false evidence in a Hizb ut-Tahrir trial. Intimidation of witnesses and threats against citizens of other CIS states that they would be deported from Russia have started to be used widely in the process of concocting criminal proceedings; we are aware of a whole series of similar cases.

Another aspect of the campaign of concocting criminal proceedings of this kind is connected with cooperation between the special services of Russia and Uzbekistan, which has intensified greatly in the wake of the Andijan events.

In this context, the spreading practice whereby immigrants from Uzbekistan wanted by Uzbek special services on trumped-up charges of Islamic extremism are kidnapped and illegally taken out of the Russian Federation poses a significant danger. Thus, in June 2005 Alisher Usmanov was kidnapped in Kazan and illegally taken to Uzbekistan after his release from a pre-trial detention centre. His Russian citizenship was annulled beforehand in accordance with a court ruling made in breach of the law. The Uzbek National security Service maintains that Usmanov was brought there as part of their joint programme to combat international terrorism with the Russian FSB [Federal Security Service]; however, in contravention of the law, this action was not authorized by the Office of the Prosecutor-General of the Russian Federation. On 16 November 2005 a court in Namangan sentenced Usmanov to eight years in prison. Human rights organizations have reliable information about other similar cases which occurred over the past few years.

An unlawful ruling “to declare the person to have failed to obtain Russian citizenship” was passed by a Khanty-Mansi district court on the basis of documents forged in Uzbekistan, and upheld by the Khanty-Mansi Area Court, with regard to Kh. Ya .Khajimatov, who was detained on 18.06.2005 in the city of Ivanovo together with another 13 ethnic Uzbek to be extradited on the basis of trumped-up charges brought by the Uzbek authorities, which accused them of involvement in the Andijan events of 12-14 May 2005. Fearing that he would be handed over to Uzbekistan, Khajimatov fled to Ukraine, where he is currently an asylum seeker.

The twelve Uzbek citizens and one citizen of Kyrgyzstan arrested with him have been held in custody at Ivanovo’s pre-trial detention centre No. 1 since June 2005 and are awaiting a court ruling on their appeals against the Federal Migration Service’s refusal to recognize them as refugees in the Russian Federation; previous experience shows, however, that they have no hope of being granted asylum in Russia. Fearing possible extradition to Uzbekistan, they have applied to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees for international protection.

Another supposed “Islamic extremist”, Bayramali Yusupov, was detained in Tyumen Region in August 2005 following a request from Uzbekistan. On 9 December, the regional Migration Office ruled to refuse to look into the detainee’s request to be granted a refugee status. The refusal was based on a memorandum from the regional FSB directorate for Tyumen Region, which contained unproven allegations against Yusupov as well as false assertions that capital punishment had been abolished in Uzbekistan, and that “the practice of political persecution” was “no longer used” in that country. The document said that granting asylum to Yusupov would be detrimental to Russia’s foreign policy interests.


Trends


In the last six months, the number of new criminal cases involving charges of extremism and terrorism brought against Muslims has decreased somewhat. It is possible, however, that the persecution will become wider in scale after amendments are introduced to the Penal Code and the Russian Federation Code of Administrative Offences, and the law “On countering extremist activities” is made harsher. Bills have already been submitted to the State Duma to impose harsher penalties under the relevant articles. Given that the definition of “extremist activities” in Russian law is extremely vague, there are good reasons to fear that what will be criminalized is not so much the displays of fascism and xenophobia, which are rapidly gaining ground in Russia, but rather public expression of dissent (as exemplified by criminal proceedings against S. Dmitiyevski and the organizers of the Caution: Religion! exhibition), including the religious variety.

At the same time, another campaign is being organized, this time to discredit the human rights campaigners and religious activists who stand up for those accused on ideological grounds. Thus, a press release from the Civic Assistance committee about one such verdict was described by a regional directorate of the Interior Ministry as “a leaflet in support of members of a religious extremist party”. Furthermore, the authorities are exerting pressure on the mufti of the Spiritual Board of Muslims of the Asiatic part of Russia, N. Ashirov, in connection with his appraisal of Hizb ut-Tahrir texts, in which he expressed views diverging from the official line.

At the same time, as human rights activists have disseminated information on the most odious examples of ideological persecution, judges in a number of regions have displayed the tendency to restrict, without any legal justification, access to the courtrooms for the families of defendants and for local human rights activists. These restrictions were lifted when representatives of well-known Russian human rights organizations were around, yet court hearings were postponed under various pretexts until later dates, by which the observers would be certain to have left the region.

In January this year, a roundtable meeting at the RF State Duma discussed amendments to existing legislation which envisaged compiling lists of “banned literature”. If amendments of this kind are passed and the lists are indeed compiled, then possession and “unauthorized study” of the literature included on these lists could well serve as grounds for instituting criminal proceedings, which would be a gross violation of the right to seek, receive and disseminate information and ideas of all kinds, which is enshrined in a number of international documents.


Conclusions


We have extensive evidence to suggest that under the pretext of fighting “Islamic extremism” and “international terrorism”, a large-scale campaign of persecution of Muslim followers of so-called “unconventional” Islamic sects has been launched in Russia.

It is worth noting that the term “extremism” is not sufficiently well defined in legal terms. The Federal Law “On countering extremist activities” defines this notion much more broadly than those crimes of an extremist nature that are mentioned in the RF Penal Code.

The definition of extremism in the said law in effect covers both criminal activities that entail criminal liability under the Penal Code, and also other activities, the criminal nature of which is more than debatable. For example, the said law lists as one of manifestations of extremism any propaganda of uniqueness and pre-eminence of certain people based on their religious affiliation - even though it is obvious that many believers regard their religion as more “right” and “moral” than atheism or other faiths.

Excessively broad definitions of “terrorism” and “extremism” in Russian law have ensured the extensive powers of special services - but not real public security.

The actions of state bodies are appropriate to the nature and scale of existing threats, and, more often than not, do not target real violent groups. Meanwhile unjustified violence not only fails to resolve the problem of public security but, on the contrary, provokes tension and a rise in radicalism, including its violent forms.

It has to be said that the portrayal of Muslims as enemy, which is authorized or even initiating by the state, encourages xenophobia and is aimed at creating a split in society in Russia.

Another serious problem is posed by widespread use of torture and other unlawful actions of special services personnel, as well as by the prosecution service’s unwillingness to respond when alerted to these actions.


Recommendations


The top priority steps to resolve the problems described above would be as follows:


  1. It is necessary to ensure that the Russian Federation observes the international obligations it has taken upon itself, including those ensuing from the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which would be contravened if the plans to compile lists of banned literature, restrict Internet access, and so on, which are currently being discussed, are implemented.

  2. The Russian Federation’s antiterrorist and anti-extremist legislation should be brought into line with Russia’s international obligations on human rights.

  3. The unjustified ruling of the RF Supreme Court dated 14.02.2003, banning 15 Muslim organizations, which was made behind closed doors, has to be reviewed, and consequently, the verdicts in the criminal cases based on this ruling also have to be reviewed.

  4. Independent experts have to be invited to examine court rulings in the proceedings for “Islamic extremism” in Russia, with a view to establish whether they are in line with Russia’s international obligations on human rights and freedoms.

  5. The Russian authorities have to observe the ban, envisaged in international law, on the forcible repatriation of asylum seekers to those countries of origin where torture is systematically used.

  6. The RF Government should review the practice of refusing to grant protection to political and religious asylum seekers who come from CIS countries.

  7. Changes should be made to the RF legislation to remove decisions on extradition from the remit of the prosecution service. Decisions on extradition should only be made by RF judicial bodies.

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15.10.2008 Independent Center for Legal Expertise. The State of the Judiciary System in Russia

15.10.2008 SOVA Center for Information and Analysis. The current anti-extremist legislation and its’ enforcement

15.10.2008 Memorial Human Rights Center. A former prisoner of an illegal detention place abducted in Chechnya

15.10.2008 Report dedicated to the next round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights. Combat on Terrorism and Human Rights in the North Caucasus

02.10.2008 European Court: Russia responsible for ‘presumed death’ of Chechen teenagers

02.10.2008 On 9 October 2008, European Court of Human Rights will deliver judgment in the case "Albekov and others v. Russia"

25.09.2008 The European Court declared Russia responsible for the death of Ruslan Mezhidov’s five relatives and awarded the applicant 100 thousand Euros

11.09.2008 A Month after the War

01.09.2008 Magomed Evloyev, Owner of Opposition News Website, Shot Dead by Security Services in Ingushetia

01.09.2008 HRC Memorial on the murder of Magomed Evloev

29.08.2008 Bulletin by Human Rights Center “Memorial” The situation in North Caucasus. Evaluation by human rights activists. Winter 2007-2008 – early March 2008

08.08.2008 Statement from the Memorial International Society: Stop the war

06.08.2008 A Victim Who Testified Against Illegal Prison Abducted in Chechnya

25.07.2008 The activist of a human rights organization and applicant to the European Court of Human Rights had been abducted in Ingushetia

07.07.2008 Statement of The Russian NGO Initiative for the Dialogue with the European Union on Human Rights

23.04.2008 Report by Sergey Kovalev at the meeting between the EU delegation and the delegation of the Russian NGOs on the eve of the new round of the EU-Russia consultations on human rights defence (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008)

17.04.2008 Report by the Memorial Human Rights Centre dedicated to the new round of consultations between the EU and Russia (Ljubljana, April 16, 2008).

26.03.2008 Council of Europe: Joint Open Letter to the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

26.02.2008 Memorial HRC Employees’ Meeting with Chechen Republic President

21.02.2008 On the struggle for the moral purity in the Chechen Republic

20.02.2008 Statement from Moscow Memorial Regarding the Relocation of the Solovetsky Stone

17.02.2008 Lawlessness and Attempted Provocation in Nalchik: “Siloviki” Pressure the Family of Rasul Kudayev

12.02.2008 Ingushetia 2007: what is coming next?

19.12.2007 On the situation of residents of Chechnya in the Russian Federation. August 2006 - October 2007. Report of the HRC "Memorial", Migration Rights Network

05.12.2007 FIDH on the death of Farid Babaev

30.11.2007 European Court Passes Verdict in Favour of Relatives of Victims of Summary Executions in Staropromyslovsky District of Grozny in January 2000

28.11.2007 The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders: The Urgent Appeal

26.11.2007 FIDH communique: Intimidation and deliberate violence

26.11.2007 ABDUCTION OF JOURNALISTS AND RIGHTS DEFENDER IN INGUSHETIA

26.11.2007 In memoriam of Farid Babaev

25.11.2007 Statement of the IHF: 24 November - Another black day for human rights and democracy in Russia

24.11.2007 Amnesty International press release "Russian Federation: Human rights activist and journalists beaten in Ingushetia"

24.11.2007 Dick Marty protests abduction of 'Memorial' President Oleg Orlov in Nazran

24.11.2007 Attack on Oleg Orlov, Head of “Memorial” Board and journalists from REN TV in Ingushetia

22.11.2007 Attempt on the Life of Farid Babaev, a Prominent Public Activist of Dagestan, Candidate to MP of the Russian State Duma from “Yabloko”. Babaev is in Critical Condition in Hospital

13.11.2007 A general responsible for war crimes about to “modernize” the Russian Army’s officer corps?

08.11.2007 The Situation in Ingushetia (November. 2007)

06.11.2007 Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

03.11.2007 New Outburst of Violence in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia, the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict

27.10.2007 The murder of brothers Galaev

25.10.2007 Appeal of the Memorial human rights activist in defence of the barrister Irina Kodzaeva.

23.10.2007 Release of Bagap Tutakov in Chechnya

22.10.2007 The legal system in Chechnya. Bulletin ¹ 1 (August 2007)

12.10.2007 Bagap Tutakov, former representative of the Ichkerian Parliament at the Parliamentarian Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), has been abducted in Chechnya

03.10.2007 On October 4, 2007 the court will consider the issue of initiation of a criminal case against an attorney at law of Kodzaeva, who was beaten by an investigator

26.09.2007 The Situation in the Republic of Ingushetia. En Route to Destabilization. September 2007

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights The situation in the Chechen Republic

26.09.2007 Russian NGOs present their reports on the eve of the EU-Russia consultation on human rights Expelling refugees as a means of imitating the anti-terror campaign

20.09.2007 Mass Protest Rally in Ingushetia. Abducted Brothers Aushev Returned Home After Beatings and Torture

17.09.2007 Daghestan has provided land for permanent settlement to the inhabitants of the Borozdinovskaya Village still living in the camp of « Nadezhda ». Help to build houses is needed

30.08.2007 We tried our best… Changes in the situation for foreign citizens in the Russian Federation

Svetlana Gannushkina

10.08.2007 Abductions and Disappearances in the Republic of Dagestan

03.08.2007 Punitive Raid in Ingushetia: 27 Residents of Ali-Yurt Turned to Republican Hospital After a Morning "Visit" by Military Servicemen

19.07.2007 Bulletin of the HRC "Memorial" (Spring 2007)

31.05.2007 Statement of Memorial - On Our Work in Chechnya

May 2007 Fabrication of “Islamic extremism” criminal cases in Russia: campaign continues

04.05.07 Imminent provocation? Human rights activist from Ingushetia might become victim of security officials

02.05.07 The Situation in the North Caucasus: November 2006 - May 2007: Apotheosis of the "Chechenisation"

05.04.07 Open Letter by Russian Human Rights Organizations to the President of the United States

29.03.2007 Abduction Failed: Fifteen North Ossetia Law Enforcers Detained in Ingushetia

02.03.2007 International Memorial Nominated for the Nobel Prize

28.02.07 Svetlana Gannushkina is a Winner of the Czech Award "Homo Homini"

28.02.07 "The Caucasian Knot" - Winner of Gerd Bucerius Prize

01.02.07 “Counterterrorism Operation” by the Russian Federation in the Northern Caucasus throughout 1999-2006. Brief overview by the Human Rights Center "Memorial” and Center "Demos": Submitted to the Eminent Jurists Panel in January 2007 in connection with high level public hearings on terrorism, counterterrorism and human rights in Russia

30.01.07 Public Hearings on Terrorism, Counter Terrorism and Human Rights in Russia (Moscow)

15.01.07 "Memorial" newly Registered in Arkhangelsk

for 2006 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2006 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2005 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2005 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

for 2004 DISAPPEARANCES AND KILLINGS IN 2004 IN CHECHEN REPUBLIC

08.12.2006 In Chechnya a Resident of Stanitsa Assinovskaya was Abducted and Tortured

05.12.2006 Visit of the delegation of the PACE in Chechnya

13.10.2006 IN MEMORY OF ANNA POLITKOVSKAYA

18.08.2006 Chechnya: Under Public Pressure Investigator of Urus-Martan ROVD Officially Apologized For Attacking Defense Lawyer

18.08.2006 Chechnya: the Head of Investigating Department of Urus-Martan ROVD Attacks a Defense Lawyer

18.07.2006 Hunger strike of Ingush Forced Migrants from North Ossetia Has Continued for 14 days

05.07.2006 Address of the Conference “Human Rights in Russia in the Year of Her G8 Presidency and Council of Europe Chairmanship” to the Leaders of the G8 Nations

19.06.2006 Illegal Jail in Oktyabrsky District of Grozny was Functioning until May 2006

09.06.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
1. Should There Be No IDPs in Chechnya? Residents of Temporary Residence Centers Are Ready To Move But Only To Permanent Housing 6/06/06
2. A Man “Disappeared” on the territory of Government Administration in Grozny 8/06/06

01.06.2006 Special Operation in Stanitsa Nesterovskaya of Ingushetia: Security Servicemen Publicly Commit a Summary Execution

17.05.2006 There Should Be no Forced Migrants in Chechnya?

04.05.2006 Seven Days without Light. "Majskij" Camp for Ingush Forced Migrants from North Osetia Is Cut off Electricity

21.04.2006 In Ingushetia the Jury Acquits Magomed Aspiev, Accused of Armed Activity Against the Russian Federation

18.04.2006 On 9 April 2006, near the village of Sernovodsk, servicemen of unidentifie law enforcement agencies kidnapped Bulat Chilaev (born 1979)

13.04.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». Exacerbation of Tensions in the Area of Ingush-Ossetian Conflict
Ethnic Ingush "disappear" in Prigorodny District of North Ossetia. Crimes remain uninvestigated

21.03.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». March 2006. Discrimination

03.03.2006 Russian NGOs presented their reports in Vienna on the eve of the third round of EU-Russia consultations on human rights

02.03.2006 The Chechen Republic: Consequences of “Chechenization” of the conflict

02.03.2006 Vitaliy Ponomarev, Elena Riabinina. Concocting criminal proceedings for “Islamic extremism”

02.03.2006 Svetlana Gannushkina. On the situation of Chechens outside Chechnya July 2005 – February 2006

02.03.2006 Northern Caucasus. Conflict Spill-Over Outside the Chechen Republic in 2004-2005 (Ingushetia and Kabardino - Balkariya)

27.02.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». February 2006

27.02.2006 Ingushetia at the End of 2005: Explosions, Abductions, "Special Operations"

27.02.2006 Mulsim Gutseriev has been acquitted, the Jury Corrected 'Mistakes' of Investigators

05.02.2006 Representatives of Security Agencies Tried to Kidnap a Man From the Court Room After the Jury Passed an Acquittal

31.01.2006 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». January 2006

23.01.2006 A Family Member of Applicant to European Court for Human Rights, Mekhti Mukhaev, Has been Illegally Detained and Subjected to Severe Torture

11.01.2006 The Borisovs: innocent people face 20 years in jail on trumped-up charges

09.11.2005 Starye Ataghi settlement was shelled

28.09.2005 A Conveyer of Violence. Human rights violations during anti-terrorist operations in the Republic of Ingushetia. September 2005

26.09.2005 An Open Letter to the Russian Public and the International Community

20.09.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial». September 2005. “Ryazan trainings” continue in Nazran?

05.09.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Member States and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

19.07.2005 The open letter to the Governments of the EU Members and the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly of Russia, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and the EU Council Secretary General

05.07.2005 The Ivanovo “akromists” arrested for encroachment on the President and constitutional system of Uzbekistan

29.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» June 2005

01.06.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» April 2005

19.05.2005 Ingush-Osetian conflict of 1992: Roots and Evolvement (may 2005)

14.04.2005 Views of Russian NGOs - Human Rights Center "Memorial" and Center "Demos" Regarding the PACE Roundtable on Chechnya

06.04.2005 Mopping up operation in the village of Katayma in the city of Grozny

17.03.2005 Chechnya 2004: “New” Methods of Anti-Terror. Hostage taking and repressive actions against relatives of alleged combatants and terrorists

14.02.2005 Abducted Rights defender is free again

14.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»January 2005

09.02.2005 Cease-Fire in Chechnya and Talks with Maskhadov are Necessary. An Open Appeal to the President of the Russian Federation from Leading Russian Human Rights Activists

08.02.2005 Andreas Gross has directed the answer to the open letter Russian and International NGOs

08.02.2005 The Whereabouts of 7 Relatives of Maskhadov Remain Unknown

02.02.2005 [PACE] Declaration on the recent human rights violations in the Chechen Republic

01.02.2005 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» December 2004

01.2005 From Chechenization to Palestinization - The Human Rights Situation in Chechnya and North Caucasus in 2004

24.01.2005 Open Letter from seven Russian and international human rights NGOs concerning the creation of a Round Table in the framework of the PACE Political Affairs Committee regarding human rights, democracy and the rule of law in the Chechen Republic

18.01.2005 We ask you to pay attention to the case of Zara Murtuzaliyeva - Monstrous fabrication of terrorism charge

14.01.2005 Chechnya: Who Is Behind Human Abductions?

12.01.2005 In December 2004 A. Maskhadov's eight relatives have been abducted in the Chechen Republic

10.12.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» November 2004

10.11.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» October 2004

04.11.2004 Power Agencies Assault the Mosque in Sleptsovsk

10.10.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» September 2004

10.09.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial» August 2004

05.09.2004 Beslan: the Hostage-taking at the School

28.08.2004 Illegal Detainments and Summary Executions in Ingushetia (August-July)

24.08.2004 Armed Raid on Grozny, August 21, 2004

20.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
Chechen IDPs Forced Back to Chechnya: “Uchkhoz” in Yandare after June 21

10.08.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
July 2004

10.07.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
June 2004

10.06.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
May 2004

10.05.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
April 2004

07.05.2004 Refugees in Ingushetia. Reinstatement to the List. Only through Court?

15.04.2004 Detainment and Murders of 8 Shalinskii Region Residents of the Village of Duba-Urt

14.04.2004 Mother and Five Small Children Dead After Aerial Attack on Civilian House in Chechnya

10.04.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
March 2004

08.04.2004 Joint Statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, and Memorial "The Situation in Chechnya and Ingushetia Deteriorates. New Evidence of Enforced Disappearances, Rape, Torture, and Extrajudicial Executions"

10.03.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
February 2004

10.03.2004 "Voluntary Surrender" of Magomed Khambiev

10.02.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
January 2004

10.01.2004 FROM THE CONFLICT ZONE Bulletin of Human Rights Center «Memorial»
December 2003

Archive 1999-2003 ]